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The area of a triangle is calculated by taking half \(\large{{1 \over 2}}\) of base \(b\) times height \(h\). The height here is perpendicular to the base which means they form a 90-degree angle at their intersection.

the formula of the area of a triangle is base times height divided by 2

Example 1: A triangle has a height of \(12\) cm and a base of \(5\) cm. Find its area.

Since \(h=12\) and \(b=5\), we have

  A &= {1 \over 2}bh  \cr 
  &  = {1 \over 2}\left( {12} \right)\left( 5 \right)  \cr 
  &  = 30 \cr} $$

The area is \(30\) cm2.

Example 2: The area of a triangle is \(12.5\) km2. What is the height if the base is \(3\) km?

The given area is \(A=12.5\) while the base is \(b=3\). We plug in the values and then solve for the height, \(h\).

   12.5 &= {1 \over 2}bh  \cr 
   12.5 &= {1 \over 2}\left( 3 \right)\left( h \right)  \cr 
  12.5 &= {3 \over 2}h  \cr 
   2\left( {12.5} \right) &= 3h  \cr 
  {{2\left( {12.5} \right)} \over 3} &= h  \cr 
   8.33 ≈ h \cr} $$

The base is about \(8.33\) km.